The NAVPC includes an ultra modern plant for plasma processing and ampoule filling, laboratories for venom treatment and fractionation and quality control, a serpentarium for housing the snakes and scorpions collected from various regions of the kingdom and milking of their venoms, an animal house for the up keeping and breading of laboratory animals needed for antivenom testing and quality control and a horse stable for housing horses and goats used in antivenom production.

The Antivenom Plant:

This is an ultra modern factory built in accordance with the European standards of good manufacturing procedure (GMP).It includes a water plant for the production of ultra-pure water for injection, a large sterile area for plasma processing and preparation of antivenom bulk form, a sterile area for washing and sterilizing ampoules and clarification  and bacterial filtration of antivenoms, a strictly sterile area for filling ampoules, and an area for inspection and labeling the ampoules.


These include laboratories annexed to the national antivenom plant and comprise a microbiology laboratory, a laboratory for venom fractionation and purification of toxins and a laboratory for preparation of antigens and injection used in the hyper immunization of horses and goats. Other laboratories for toxicity estimation of venom and potency assay of antivenom are located within the serpentarium.


This is a protected and well guarded facility located within the security quarter of the National Guard Hospital.It contains a large collection of snakes and scorpions collected from all regions of the kingdom. The number of venomous animals is kept constant through several collection trips carried out according to well designed plans.

Animal House:

This is used for keeping and breeding animals used for potency assays and pyrogen testing of antivenoms.

Horse Stable:

Is located in the cavallary of the Saudi National Guard. It includes more than 65 of well-bred and selected healthy horses and more than 40 goats.The animals are checked and guaranteed to be free from parasites, animal diseases and are immunized against tetanus. They are supervised by qualified veterinarians and taken care of by trained horsemen at a ratio of one horseman every 3-5 horses. The animals are hyper-immunized by a long tested, well planned and low-dose venom-based immunization protocols and bled in very-clean rooms. Injection and bleeding are carried out under strictly aseptic conditions.