Patient’s First Aid
- Patient should be reassured.
- Patient should be lay on side position (opposite side of bitten limb) to prevent aspiration of vomit or blockage of respiratory airways.
- Raise the affected limb as possible.
- The use of tight arterial tourniquet between the heart and affected area is justified to delay absorption especially if the snake is known to be very dangerous with rapid onset of action.
- Transfer patient to the nearest hospital as quickly comfortably and passively as possible. The Ministry of Health provides the locally produce antivenom in all clinics especially in rare areas.
Warning To Avoid Sting
- Stay away as much as possible from areas where snakes might hide such as shrubs, rocks and burrows of rodents but this does not mean that other desert areas are free from snakes.
- DON’T put your hands or feet in places you can not see, you have to check first the place.
- Be careful when hearing hissing sound while walking this could be a sound of friction scaly snake’s skin or inflating air of the snake.
- Avoid staying in places where there are remnants of food or waste picnickers since that attract rodents, which in turn attract snakes.
- DON’T walk barefooted, but rather use boots style of shoes that wears by the farmer and shepherd. Most bites are commonly in the lower part of the leg.
- DON’T touch shrub plants with hands especially at night due to possible presence of Snake or Scorpion.
- Teach children NOT to turn or lift a rock because usually scorpions are hiding underneath.